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Lecture - July 12th 2009 (Part of Surah Faitha Notes)

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Lecture - July 12th 2009 (Part of Surah Faitha Notes)

Post  Zonaira Maqbool on Fri Jul 31, 2009 9:55 pm

Sheikh Omar Farooq
July-12th-2009

رَبِّ
Rabb has three meanings:
- Lord and Master
- Sustainer, Provider
- Guardian, Sovereign, Ruler (He who controls and directs)

الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ
The Merciful, The Compassionate or The Most Kind
- Root word, “Ra Hi Ma”
- Meaning: The Merciful, The Compassionate or The Most Kind
Womb of the Mother
• Ar Rahman: indicates the intensity of the quality
• Ar Raheem: indicates intensity as well as permanence

مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ
There are two Qira’at in the Aayah from the Prophet (Tirmizi):
- Maalik: Master / Owner
- Malik: King
- Hadith: On the Day of Judgment, Allah will squeeze the earth into one of his hands and fold the heavens around the other hand, and proclaim: I am the King, where are the Kings of the earth?

مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ
Deen:
- Judgment
- Way of life
- Obedience

إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ
Ibadah has three meanings:
- Worship (Ibadah)
- Obedience and Submission (ita’ah)
- Service ( Ghulaam)

اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ
There are three meaning of Hidayah or Ihdina:
- Guide us to the Straight / Right Path
- Show us to the Straight / Right path
- Drop us to the Straight / Right path

Taawuz
Aaoozu Billa hi Minush shaita Nir rajeem
“I seek refuge in Allah from Satan, the Accursed. O Allah, please, Shelter me, protect me, and take me into your Arm.”
- Mother, Birds, Penguin, Kangaroo

Who is Satan?
- Satan is a Jinn, made of fire.
- He is your open enemy (Yaseen 36: 60)
- Satan is your enemy, therefore, we should treat him as our enemy (Fatir 35: 6)

What is his target?
- We don’t enter Paradise
- He is inviting people on his way, so they join the dwellers of Hell (Fatir 35: 6)
- Allah invites you to his Paradise ( Al Baqarah: 221)
- Allah invites you to the house of Peace (Yunus: 25)

Misconceptions
- Taweez {people who wear taweez believe that this will protect them [SHIRK!]}
- Devil worshippers

Why is it important to say Taawuz?
- Satan attacks from right, left, etc. Then I shell come to them from their front, back, right, left, and you will not find many of them grateful. (Aaraaf 16, 17)
- Satan whispers (An Naas, 114:5)

How Satan attacks
- Makes things seem beautiful (sleep, games, movies)
- Gives false hopes (don’t worry, this is last time)
- Despair about Allah’s Mercy (Allah will not forgive me)
- Diverts from the right path (Quran, prayers, delay prayers, Sunnah)
- Takes advantage of our wrong actions (you are dumb)
- When we are alone

How Satan enters into our body
- When we do not keep ourselves clean (Hair, Nails, not washing properly after using the toilet, staying too long in the toilet)
- When we eat Haraam
- Nose, Ears, Eyes (second is yours)

When do we seek Allah’s protection?
- When we read the Quran (An Nahl 16: 98)
- When we enter the washroom
- When we are angry (Bukhari)
- When we are not able to concentrate in Salah (Khanzab, Muslim un uthman Ibn abilaas)
- When we enter a dark room / house / town, etc (Muslim)
- In the morning, before we leave home.

How do we protect ourselves?
• Remember, only Allah (SWT) can protect me.
• Pray on time
• Constant Zikr (Aayatul Kursi / Fourth Kalima)
• Duas
• Start everything with the Name of Allah

Bismillah Hir Rahma Nir Rahim
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

What do We mean by Bismillah?
• I begin in the name of Allah
• Depending upon Him
• Placing trust in His Mercy
• Seeking His help over its completion
• Aiming to win His approval

Why is it important to mention the name of Allah?
• Because we need Allah.
• Allah blesses, protects, helps
• Satan shrinks / becomes smaller (Musnad Ahmed)
• We stop doing bad deeds.
• When I remember Allah, He remembers me (Al Baqarah 2:152)

When do we say Bismillah?
• While closing the door. (Bukhari)
• While turning off the light. (Bukhari)
• While covering the utensils. (Bukhari)
• While covering the water container. (Bukhari)
• While getting onto a ride / putting on the seatbelt.
• Before Wudu
• Before eating / drinking (Anaam 6:118 / Bukhari)
• Before going to one’s wife (Bukhari)
• Before slaughtering animals (Bukhari)
• Before sending emails while on the computer.

“Surah”
- Stands for “Height” and “Elevation”, because they raise the reader from one stage of knowledge and spiritual advancement to another higher stage. (Qurtubi)

Fatiha
Opening / Dua to Enter the Masjid

Some of the names of this Surah:
- 30 names are mentioned.
Examples:
1. Fatiha
2. As-Shifa
3. Ad-Dua
4. Ummul Kitaab
5. As-Salah

Merits of this Surah
• A Likeness or equivalent of this Surah is not in Torah, not in Injeel and not even in the Quran. (Ahmed / Tirmizi)
• Fatiha is from the treasures of my Arsh (Baihiqi)
• Alhamdulillah makes your scale heavy (Muslim)
• Alhamdulillah is the best of Dua (Mishkaat)

This Surah is divided into three parts
• Allah
• Allah and his servant
• Servant

Zonaira Maqbool

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JazakAllah Khair

Post  Saniha A. on Fri Jul 31, 2009 10:27 pm

JazakAllah khair Zunaira=)
I can finally work on the assignment! I hope it's due on Sunday!! Smile
See u tomorrow InshAllah!
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Saniha A.

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